Morphine remains one of the most popular pain relievers in the world, with about 100 different brand-name versions of the drug available. It remains one of the most highly addictive drugs in the world, and is classified as a Schedule II narcotic, suggesting a high potential for abuse. So addictive is morphine that studies comparing it to heroin have found that even among heroin addicts, the preference for heroin and morphine is equal.
Morphine belongs to a class of drugs called opioids. Morphine is the primary psychoactive chemical in poppies, which means that the drug derives directly from poppies and is closely related to heroin. Originally developed in the early 19th century, morphine had become a popular – and highly addictive – drug by the turn of the 20th century.
Though addiction continues to be a problem, morphine's impressive effectiveness as a pain reliever for a number of conditions means that it's still popular in clinical use. Some patients receive no relief from their pain except for through morphine, and the drug figures prominently in end-of-life care. Among patients who use morphine at the end of their lives, morphine intoxication frequently plays a role in hastening their death.
Morphine works by binding to opioid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as in the gastrointestinal tract. This means that, in addition to depressing function in the central nervous system – the brain and spinal cord – it also affects movement, muscle coordination, and activity in the gastrointestinal tract. Many morphine users – both addicts and users with a valid medical prescription – report gastrointestinal upset after using the drug.
Morphine can be delivered through almost any means. In hospital and clinical settings, it's often administered via intravenous routes, with some clinics allowing patients to steadily increase or decrease the morphine dose as needed. The drug is also available in an oral form, though, and some users snort or inject it. Among both patients and recreational users, the drug can also be administered via urinary catheter or rectally, with some very ill addicts opting for this route because other delivery mechanisms simply don't work for them.
The side effects if Morphine that you experience depend on how you use the drug. Intravenous recreational use of morphine is highly risky, exposing users to infections, ruptured blood vessels, and skin problems. Snorting the drug can trigger sinus and throat problems, while those who take the drug rectally may experience skin issues, gastrointestinal problems, and constipation.
Like most opioid narcotics, the high morphine yields is intense – and intensely pleasant. It is this initial feeling of pleasure that encourages recreational users to persist in using the drug. Likewise, these pleasant feelings can encourage users with a valid medical prescription to continue using morphine long after they no longer need it.
Short-Term Effects of Morphine Abuse on the Body and Mind
The short-term effects of morphine vary somewhat from person to person, depending on body chemistry, health, age, and other factors. In general, you can expect to experience at least a few of these effects shortly after taking morphine:
Long-Term Effects of Morphine Addiction
The most obvious long-term risk of morphine is addiction, and chronic use of this drug – especially if your use is not overseen by a doctor – almost inevitably leads to addiction. Prolonged use of morphine can compound some of its unpleasant short-term effects, and such use greatly increases your odds of suffering serious – and even life-threatening – side effects. People with a personal or family history of addiction, those with mental health conditions, and people experiencing chronic stress are more vulnerable to addiction. In addition to addiction, which yields a host of unpleasant symptoms, some other long-term effects of Morphine use include:
Morphine also interacts dangerously with other depressants such as alcohol, and mixing these drugs – even in small doses – is potentially deadly.
Addiction to morphine is unique in several ways. First, it's not readily available to recreational users, which means that most morphine addicts developed the habit as a result of a valid morphine prescription. This phenomenon has spurred some doctors to be more cautious with their use of morphine. In fact, some doctors may even deny the drug to people who legitimately need it because of concerns about addiction. At the other end of the spectrum, though, are doctors who readily prescribe the drug to almost all pain patients, dramatically exacerbating the epidemic of morphine addiction.
Morphine's chemical similarity to heroin also means that some heroin addicts may seek morphine when heroin is not available, particularly given that the effects of the two drugs are virtually indistinguishable. Current addicts may fake chronic pain to get the drug, or transition from a heroin to morphine addiction after experiencing a medical issue.
A limited number of recreational users purchase the drug through dealers or unscrupulous doctors. No matter how you became addicted to morphine, one thing remains clear: addiction is a disease, not a personal choice or moral failing. Addiction convinces you that you need morphine to feel normal, and your morphine addiction makes you extremely resistant to seeking help—or even to admitting you have a problem with morphine.
The morphine withdrawal process is much more challenging than withdrawal from most other drugs, so if you have a morphine problem, it's critically important to seek medical assistance before quitting. This means probalby seeking inpatient morphine detox in Idaho. Quitting morphine cold turkey can be very uncomfortable.
If you think you might be addicted to Morphine, you probably are. The defining characteristic of addiction is continuing to use a drug in spite of negative consequences – even if those negative consequences are theoretical, such as the risk of suffering a heart attack. If you're still not sure, ask yourself the following questions. If you find yourself answering yes to several, you're likely an addict:
Addiction to Morphine is a progressive disease, which means seeking help for morphine addiction now is the very best thing you can do to get better. Ignoring your addiction will not make it go away; instead, this strategy only allows your addiction more time to overtake your life.
If you have a mental illness, you're much more vulnerable to morphine addiction. In fact, more than half of morphine addicts have at least one mental illness, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Mental illness increases your vulnerability to addiction because your mental illness makes addictive drugs such as morphine seem like an appealing escape. Additionally, morphine can trigger serious life challenges – such as a divorce or conflict with loved ones over your addiction – that increase your vulnerability to mental illness. And finally, there is some evidence that morphine can trigger mental illness by changing your brain chemistry.
Addiction specialists refer to co-occurring mental illnesses and addictions as a dual diagnosis. A dual diagnosis won't go away on its own; it demands proper treatment. Morphine rehab, proper mental health care, and a good morphine detox program in Boise are all key to the recovery process.
Depression and Morphine Addiction Rehab
Morphine is classified as a depressant, which means it slows brain function and central nervous system activity. While this might not seem like an appealing choice for someone with depression, it can actually be quite tempting. Morphine makes a painful world seem manageable, and can quiet the constant stream of negative self-talk that often occurs with depression. Unfortunately, though, morphine can increase depression over time, which means that depressed addicts get temporary relief followed by a worsening in symptoms and lifestyle challenges.
Whether you're a recreational or prescription user of morphine, if you're experiencing symptoms of depression, you need help. It's not enough to quit Morphine; instead, you need assistance managing your depression as well as finding healthier ways to treat the disease.
Some Morphine addicts fail to realize they have depression. This is especially common among users who become depressed after they start taking Morphine. If you experience symptoms of depression, don't try to treat your symptoms with drugs. Instead, seek help. A few common symptoms of depression include:
Anxiety and Morphine Addiction
Morphine doesn't just get you high; it also acts as a sedative, helping users feel sleepy and relaxed. For anxiety sufferers, who may struggle to sleep or be endlessly overwhelmed by racing thoughts, these effects can offer temporary but potent relief. As with depression, though, morphine tends to worsen the effects of anxiety over time. As you develop a tolerance to the drug, you may need to take more and more of it to get the same effects. Eventually, it will stop working altogether for anxiety, but you'll still be left experiencing serious cravings and dangerous health side effects.
If you suffer from anxiety – whether the anxiety existed before your addiction or seems to be a product of it – you need professional help that will likely include rehab. Anxiety isn't a single disorder, but rather a collection of disorders, so it's important to get an accurate diagnosis and then pursue treatment tailored to that diagnosis. Unsure whether you have an anxiety disorder or just a stressful life? Check out the below symptoms of several common anxiety disorders:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Eating Disorders and Morphine Addiction
People with eating disorders often struggle with perfectionistic tendencies, obsessive-compulsive behavior, and chronic anxiety. It's no wonder, then, that the temporary relief morphine offers can be addictive for people who go through their lives riddled with anxiety. Additionally, morphine can suppress appetite, which makes it a tempting weight-loss option for people with anorexia and bulimia. And people with binge eating disorder may even try to self-medicate with morphine, only to end up with an addiction and an eating disorder at the same time. When this occurs a skilled drug treatment center in Boise, Idaho will be needed.
Whether you've had an eating disorder for years or have only recently developed one, you are in imminent danger. Eating disorders are fatal for about 10% of their victims making early intervention a life-or-death matter. When you pair an eating disorder with an addiction, you can die. Some of the side effects people who use drugs and who have eating disorders sometimes experience include:
Addiction is a disease that causes changes in your brain and body. You've probably already grown sick of hearing this. But this means that addiction isn't so much about the specific drug you use. Rather, what matters is the root cause of your addiction, which may include mental illness, family stress, health issues, and a host of other issues. Until you treat this underlying cause, your addiction means you are vulnerable to virtually any other addiction.
When you quit one drug only to replace it with another, you have a cross-addiction. You're most vulnerable to cross-addictions during the first months after you quit, but they can occur at any time. While many morphine addicts turn to depressants such as alcohol or heroin, some also develop behavioral addictions. These addictions are often able to get out of control because addicts do not realize that behaviors can be just as addictive as drugs.
Sex and Morphine Addiction
Sex feels good, changes your brain chemistry, and can even get your creative juices flowing. It can also distract you from the stress of daily life, help you feel more confident and powerful, and offer you a chance to bond with another person. If you rely on morphine to give you a feeling of euphoria, sex is a natural substitute, though one that can lead to serious problems. There's nothing wrong with enjoying sex, but sex addiction occurs when your enjoyment becomes a source of difficulties in your life. Sex addicts continue having sex even when they don't want to because they “need” sex to feel normal. This greatly increases your vulnerability to STDs, unwanted pregnancies, and other dangerous challenges.
If you have several of the following symptoms, you may have a sex addiction:
Gambling and Morphine Addiction
Gambling exposes gamblers to an underworld of organized crime, questionable loans, and even violence. Yet 15% of Americans struggle with gambling addiction, making this dangerous addiction among the most common. Compulsive gambling can tear your family apart, destroy your financial well-being, induce you to break the law, and even expose you to violence – particularly if you go into debt to gamble. The good news is that breaking free is possible, but doing so typically requires professional help.
If you experience several of the following symptoms, you are probably addicted to gambling:
Addiction is a disease, just like any other chronic illness. And just like any other chronic illness, your morphine addiction will not go away on its own. What works for one person might not work for another, so it's important to keep an open mind and continue trying various treatment options until something works. And remember, if you have a cross addiction or a dual diagnosis, seeking treatment for all issues – and not just your morphine addiction – is key to your long-term success.
Drug Rehabilitation for Morhphine Addiction in Idaho
Morphine treatment is Idaho is the most intense and comprehensive treatment option, making it an ideal choice if other treatments have failed or if you have a dual diagnosis. Each rehab facility offers something a bit different, but most offer at least the following services:
Morphine Addiction Therapy Options in Idaho
You'll get intensive therapy in inpatient morphine rehab, but you can also pursue therapy on your own. This can be a great option if you're not ready to commit to rehab, but therapy also helps people who need additional support after completing a treatment program. You set the course of therapy in collaboration with your therapist. In general, though, you'll likely talk about:
Medical Care and Morphine Detox in Idaho
Most morphine addicts became addicted to the drug due to a chronic medical condition, so proper medical care is key for getting sober. Your doctor can offer you less addictive alternatives for handling your condition and managing your pain, and may also offer treatment for any morphine-related illnesses you've developed.
Medical care is also key for navigating the detox process. Your physician will work with you to ensure you're healthy enough to go through detox, and may also prescribe treatments to make detox a bit easier. If you have a mental health condition that requires medication, a doctor an offer you the right treatment at the right dosage.
Support Groups in Idaho for Morphine Addiction
Narcotics Anonymous (NA) is the world's most popular recovery program, not to mention a free and readily accessible support group. The program encourages you to work through its 12 steps, make amends to whose whom you've hurt, and commit to a lifetime of sobriety. You can also select a sponsor – another member of the program who has successfully navigated the program and managed to sustain his or her sobriety. NA doesn't offer therapy or medical treatment, but research suggests that peer support is in itself a form of treatment that can be highly effective – especially combined with other treatments, such as therapy or rehab.
NA also offers help to struggling families, in the form of its family group, Nar-Anon. Teenagers who love an addict can seek help from a similar program Nar-a-Teen.
Although NA is not overtly religious, it does make both direct and indirect spiritual references. Many groups pray, and it's common for meetings to take place in churches. Though the program has helped thousands of people who don't practice any specific religious faith, some atheists, agnostics, and non-Christians prefer secular programs such as SMART Recovery and Rational Recovery.
Help for Your Family: Supporting A Loved One Addicted to Morphine
Getting sober is just the first step on a long journey toward regaining control over your life. Addicts often burn bridges with loved ones, and putting these pieces of these fractured relationships beck together is a vital part of the recovery process. If you need help setting things right with your family, you have a number of options, including:
Making amends to your family can be challenging, and repairing fractured relationships won't happen overnight. After all, it took months – and perhaps even years – for your addiction to break these relationships. With persistence, genuine remorse, and a willingness to do whatever it takes to regain your loved one's trust, though, you can get back to the loving and close relationship you once enjoyed. Don't be afraid to try out therapy, and remember that making amends often includes educating your family about the disease of addiction. Just make sure you take full responsibility; minimizing the effects of your addiction or denying that you harmed others is a surefire way to prolong the healing process.
Lifestyle Remedies that can Help with Morphine Addiction
A few lifestyle changes won't cure your addiction. After all, addiction is a disease that necessitates medical intervention. But making some healthy changes to your life can improve your chances of long-term sobriety and help you avoid a relapse. Try pairing some of the following changes with a healthy recovery program:
The process of withdrawal from morphine is not an easy one, so finding the right detox program is key to your success. In the early days of withdrawal, recovery might feel impossible. But over time, things really do get better. After a week or two, your cravings will dramatically diminish, moving from near-constant pangs to discrete cravings of 10 minutes or less. Over the course of several months, your cravings will steadily decrease. Eventually, you'll only experience cravings when you're around drug triggers. For example, a woman who started using morphine after an emergency room visit might feel a craving when visiting a relative in the emergency room.
These triggers can be challenging, but each time you encounter one without using, you get a little better at sobriety. Eventually, even your triggers may disappear, leaving you with only a distant memory of morphine. The time this takes varies from person to person, but rest assured that the cravings and the misery will absolutely not last forever.
Relapse may loom in the dark recesses of your mind, and your fears of relapse are not misplaced. About half of recovering addicts eventually relapse. You can reduce your risk by steering clear of triggers, sticking with your recovery program, and committing to permanent sobriety. If you relapse, though, all is not lost. Some addiction experts argue that relapse is a normal part of the recovery process. Each relapse increases your chances of succeeding next time, and every time you relapse, you learn important information about your addiction.
The journey to sobriety is by no means easy. But when you tackle this challenge, you learn that you can tackle anything – a life lesson that can make even the biggest life challenges just a bit more manageable. Thousands of people just like you have overcome morphine addiction, and you can too. But first, you have to ask for help and then commit to sticking with a recovery program.